Volume 4 Issue 1 2008


Farooq Aziz
Department of Business Administration, Federal Urdu University

Noor Muhammad Jamali
Assistant Professor, Institute of Commerce, University of Sindh

Abstract Muzara’a is basically a form of partnership for cultivation of land, between landlord and agricultural labour. It may take different forms depends upon the terms and conditions set by fuqahas. From the very beginning in Islamic economic literature, its validity is a controversial issue. The discussion in this regard is clearly divided in two schools of thoughts, one which is recognized it and the other consider it as unlawful. The axis of reasoning in this regard is almost based on Hadith, form which both schools got the material for their claim. The building of muzara’a is based on the concept of private ownership of land, which is antecedent and the agreement of muzara’a is posterior. It is assumed that, both Qur’an and Hadith admit the concept of private ownership of land. Even the opponents of this act never raised any question in this context. Their main claim is based on some Hadith in which the act of muzara’a is being prohibited. The real fact is that, Qur’an does not recognized the concept of private ownership of land.And the same situation in with Hadith. Chronological order review of related Hadith, can proved this fact, which is one of the basic criteria of judgment of Hadith set by fuqahas. Since discussion on Hadith in this context is quite lengthy and cannot be covered in a paper, hence all attention is concentrated on Qur’an. In this paper effort is being made to point out that, Qur’an does not acknowledge this concept and the arguments given in this regard from Qur’an are just based on deceptions. Negations of this concept automatically demolish the building of muzara’a. Hence at least from Qur’an legality of muzara’a cannot be proved.
Keywords Muzara’a, Qur’an, Hadith, Verses.
Year 2008
Volume 4
Issue 1
Type Research paper, manuscript, article
Recognized by Higher Education Commission of Pakistan, HEC
Category "Y"
Journal Name IBT Journal of Business Studies
Publisher Name ILMA University
Jel Classification -
ISSN no (E, Electronic) 2409-6520
ISSN no (P, Print) 2416-8393
Country Pakistan
City Karachi
Institution Type University
Journal Type Open Access
Manuscript Processing Blind Peer Reviewed
Format PDF
Paper Link