Volume 15 Issue 2 2019


Irum khattak
Islamia college peshawar.

Qadir Bakhsh Baloch
Abdul Wali Khan University.

Gohar zaman
Women university Swabi, Pakistan.

Abstract The study intended to investigate the effect of academic and personality development activities on the competitiveness of business schools through the lens of Islamic perspective. The features of academic & personality development activities of competitive business schools from modern literature were studied in the light of the Islamic perspective. Regression analysis was used to test the hypothesis. Data was collected from a sample of 354 students through a structured questionnaire. The study found that Islam supports business education and provides a comprehensive framework that embodies moral and social values leading to a prosperous society in the long-term. The activities of academic and personality development in modern literature to increase the competitiveness of business schools are supported by the Islamic perspective as far as it is within Islamic boundaries. A positive relation was found between academic and personality development activities and competitiveness of business schools from students’ perspectives. Future studies are directed to cover other activities required for the competitiveness of business schools and their relevance from the Islamic perspective.
Keywords Competitiveness, Business schools, Academic, Personality, Activities, Social, Islam.
Year 2019
Volume 15
Issue 2
Type Full Length Paper
Recognized by Higher Education Commission of Pakistan, HEC
Category "Y"
Journal Name IBT Journal of Business Studies
Publisher Name ILMA University
Jel Classification I23, I29, N35
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.46745/ilma.jbs.2019.15.02.12
ISSN no (E, Electronic) 2409-6520
ISSN no (P, Print) 2416-8393
Country Pakistan
City Karachi
Institution Type University
Journal Type Open Access
Type of Review Double Blind Peer Reviewed
Format PDF
Paper Link http://ibtjbs.ilmauniversity.edu.pk/journal/jbs/15.2/12.pdf
Page 182-198
References Abdullah, F. (2006). The development of HEdPERF: A new measuring instrument of service quality for the higher education sector. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 30(6), 569-81.

Abdullah, F., Azmin, A. K., & Salleh, N. H. (2014). Developing graduates’ collaboration skill based on Islamic perspective through integrated multi- disciplinary course in the built environment. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 4(2), 117-121.

Adas, E. B. (2006). The making of entrepreneurial Islam and the Islamic spirit of capitalism. Journal for Cultural Research, 10(2): 113-137.

Al-Attas, M. (1979). Aims and objections of Islamic education. Hodder and Stoughton: King Abdul Aziz University; Jeddah: Saudi Arabia.

Ali, A.J. (2014). Business ethics in Islam. UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.

Amir, D. (2014). On time and discipline in Islam (Analysis towards purpose of Islamic education). Al-Ta lim Journal, 21(3), 220-226.

Ather, S.M., & Sobhani, F.A. (2008). Managerial leadership: An Islamic perspective. IIUC Studies, 4, 7-24.

Afzal, W., Akram A., Akram M.S., & Ijaz A. (2010). On students’ perspective of quality in higher education. Paper presented at 3rd International Conference on Assessing Quality in Higher Education, Lahore, Pakistan. Retrieved from http:// www.icaqhe2010.org/Papers%20published%20in%203rd%20ICAQHE%20 2010/28-Dr%20Waheed%20Afzal.pdf

Ashraf, S. A. (1995). Basic principals in the formulation of curriculum for tertiary education with specific reference to humanities. Muslim Education Quarterly, 13(1), 5-11.

Bauk, S., & Jusufranic, J. (2014). Competitiveness in higher education in terms of the level of students’ satisfaction with e-learning in blended environment. Montenegrin Journal of Economics, 10(1), 25-42.

Baqi, A. F. (1995). Al-Lu’lu’ Wal-Marjan: A collection of agreed upon Ahadith from AlBukhariand Muslim (1st ed.). Riyadh-Saudi Arabia: Dar-us-Salam Publications.

Bennis, W. G., & O’Toole, J. (2005). How business schools lost their way. Harvard Business Review, 83(5), 96-104.

Bickerstaffe, G., & Ridgers, B. (2007). Ranking of business schools. Journal of Management Development, 26 (1), 61-66.

Bitner, M.J., & Zeithaml, V.A. (1996). Services marketing. New York: McGraw- Hill.

Brochado, A. (2009). Comparing alternatives instruments to measure services quality in higher education. Quality in Higher Education, 17(2), 1-30.

Businessweek. (2001). Business week guide to the best business schools (7th ed.). US: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Business Today India, (2015). India’s best bschools. Retrieved from http://bschools. businesstoday.in/.

Contardo, I., & Wensley, R. (2004). The Harvard business school story: Avoiding knowledge by being relevant. Organization ,11, 211-31.

Corey. R.E. ( 1981). Case method teaching. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

Delaney, A. (2005). Expanding students’ voice in assessment through senior survey research. American Institutional Research Professional File, 6, 1-19.

EFMD. (2016). The EQUIS quality standards. Retrieved from www.efmd.org.

Friedman, M. (1962). Capitalism and freedom. University of Chicago Press.

Gault, J. (2000). Effects of business internships on job marketability: The employers’ perspective. Education + Training 52 (1), 76-88.

Gill, G. S. (2012). Management education in India: A case study of selected b-schools (Ph.D. dissertation). Punjab College of Technical Education Baddowal, Ludhiana.

Graham, S., Furr, S., Flowers, C., & Burke, M. (2001). Religion and spirituality in coping with stress. Counseling and Values, 46(1), 2–13.

Gumusay, A. A. (2015). Entrepreneurship from an Islamic perspective. Journal of Business Ethics, 130(1), 199-208.

Hall, S. (2008). Geographies of business education: MBA programmes, reflexive business schools and the cultural circuit of capital. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series, 33(1), 27-41.

Hamdan, A. (2008). Cognitive restructuring: An Islamic perspective. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 3, 99–116.

Huang, P.Y., Wang, C.C., Tseng, Y.Y., & Wang, R.J. (2011). The impact of curriculum design on learning satisfaction. Journal of Information and Optimization Sciences, 32(3), 637-655.

Hassan, M. K., & Hippler III, W. J. (2014). Entrepreneurship and Islam: An overview. Econ Journal Watch, 11(2), 170-179.

Hasyimi, Abd Hamid Muhammad (1986). Al-Tawjih wa al-Irsyad al-Nafsiyy. Jeddah: Dar al-Syuruq.

Higher Education Comission (HEC) Pakistan. (2013).Quality and research based ranking of Pakistani HEIs 2013 ranking, methodology, criteria & weights. Retrieved from http://www.hec.gov.pk/InsideHEC/Divisions/QALI/Others/ RankingofUniversities/Documents/Quality%20and%20Research%20 Based%20Ranking%20of%20Pakistan%20HEIs_Updated.pdf

Huang, Q. (2009). The relationship between service quality and student satisfaction in higher education sector: A case study on the undergraduate sector of Xiamen University of China (Masters dissertation). Assumption University, Thailand.

Joseph, M. & Joseph, B. (1997). Service quality in education: A student perspective. Quality assurance in education, 5(1), 15-19.

Karim, F. (1938). Al Hadith (Vol.1). The Book House. Lahore: Pakistan.

Kayed, R.N., & Hassan, M. K. (2011). Islamic Entrepreneurship. NewYork: Routledge.

Kelley, C.A. and Gaedeke, R.M. (1990). Student and employer evaluation of hiring criteria for entry-level marketing positions. Journal of Marketing Education,1, 64-71.

Kolachi, N.A., & Wajidi, A.Z. (2008). Business Education in Pakistan: Identifying weaknesses and suggesting improvements. East-West Journal of Economics and Business, 11(1), 157-178.

Kolachi, N. A., & Mohammad, J. (2013). Excellence in business education (A “FRUCE” model for Higher Education Commission–Recognized business schools in Pakistan). American Journal of Business Education, 6(3), 311-320.

Kolluru, S. (2011). Rankings of Indian business schools: A statistical analysis. ASCI Journal of Management, 40(2), 101–112.

Koh, K. (2012). Enhancing university competitiveness through educational facilities [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from Ministry of science and technology Republic of Korea, OECD http://www.cele2012korea.com/eng/images/pdf/ Session0-2_e.pdf

LeBlanc, G., & Nguyen, N. (1997). Searching for excellence in business education: An exploratory study of customer impressions of service quality. International Journal of Educational Management, 11(2), 72–79.

Lejeune, C. (2011). Is continuous improvement through accreditation sustainable? A capability-based view. Management Decision, 49(9), 1535-1548. Retrieved from www.emeraldinsight.com/0025-1747.html

Li, Heng., Li, Vera., Skitmore, Martin .,Wong, Johnny Kwok Wai.,& Cheng, Eddie W. L. (2009). Competitiveness factors: A study of the real estate market in China. Construction Management and Economics, 27(6), 567-579.

Melnyk, O., & Yaskal, I. (2013). Theoretical approaches to concept of “competition” and competitiveness. Ecoforum Journal, 2(2), 8-12.

Mai, L. (2005). A comparative study between UK and US: The student satisfaction in higher education and its influential factors. Journal of Marketing Management, 21, 859-878.

Massawe, D. (2013). Customer satisfaction and complaints as a means of gaining a competitive advantage in hospitality industry. The Eastern African Journal of Hospitality, Leisure and Tourism, 1(1), 1-12.

Mintzberg, H. (1988). Crafting strategy. Harvard Business Review, 65 (1), 66-75.

Mernissi, F. (1991). The veil and the male elite. Camberidge, Massachusetts: Perseus Book.

Milner, S., Cousins, W., & McGowan, I. (2016). Does all work and no play make a dull graduate? Perceptions of extra-curricular activities and employability. Journal of Perspectives in Applied Academic Practice, 4(1), 13-18.

Militaru G., Deselnicu, D., and Pollifroni M. (2015). An exploratory study of student satisfaction: The moderating role of digital technologies. Proceedings of the 9th International Management Conference, Management and Innovation for Competitive Advantage, November 5th-6th, 2015, Bucharest, Romania.

Maududi, Sayyid Abula’la. (1980) .The Islamic law and constitution; translated by Khurshid Ahmad. Lahore: Islamic Publications Pakistan.

Muhtada, D. (2012). Managing workforce diversity: An Islamic perspective. Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 2(1), 78-108.

Musselin, C. (2018). New forms of competition in higher education. Socio- Economic Review, 16(3), 657-683.

Musah, M.B. (2011). The culture of individualism and collectivism in balancing accountability and innovation in education: An Islamic perspective. International Journal of Sustainable Development, 2(8), 69-75.

Nasr, S. H. (1985). Ideals and realities of Islam. London: George Allen and Unwin.

Neelankavil, J. P. (1994). Corporate America’s quest for an ideal MBA. Journal of Management Development, 13 (5), 38-52.

Owino, E. O. (2014). The influence of service quality and corporate image on customer satisfaction among university students in Kenya (Ph.D dissertation). University of Nairobi, Kenya.

QS World Ranking University. (2014). University rankings. Retrieved from http:// www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings

Qureshi, A.A. (2012). How do perceptions of the importance of service-quality determinants differ across key stakeholder groups in the Pakistan higher education sector? (M.Phil dissertation). Loughborough University.

Ravindran, S. D., & Kalpana, M. (2012). Student’s expectation, perception and satisfaction towards the management educational institutions. Procedia Economics and Finance, 2, 401-410.

Rice, G. (1999). Islamic Ethics and Implications for Business. Journal of Business Ethics,18(1), 345-358.

Sallis, E. (1993). Total quality management in education. Philadelphia PA: Kogan Page.

Shattock, M. (2003). Managing successful universities. Maidenhead: Open University Press.

Schuurman, H. (1997). Quality management and competitiveness: The diffusion of the ISO 9000 standards in Latin America and recommendations for government strategies. Santiago: Division of Production, Productivity and Management of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, United Nations.

Scott, S. D. (2012). Sailing blue oceans in search of blue ribbons: A case study of the application of reconstructionist strategy in collegiate business schools (Ph.D dissertation).University of Tennessee, Knoxville.

Stanley, M. A., Bush, A. L., Camp, M. E., Jameson, J. P., Philipss, L. L., Barber, C. R., et al. (2011). Older adults’ preferences for religion/spirituality in treatment for anxiety and depression. Aging and Mental Health, 15(3), 334–343.

Thaib, L., & Chepa, B. (2014). Islamic business leadership modelling for sustainable development. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic Research, 2(1), 25-37.

The economist. (2016). Which MBA: methodology 2016. Retrieved from http:// www.economist.com/whichmba.

Times Higher Education. (2016). Asia university rankings 2016 methodology. Retrieved from https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university- rankings/2016/regional-ranking-methodology.

Tibawi, A. L. (1972). Islamic education. London: Luzac and Company Ltd.

Usmani, M. M. T. (2005). Islam and modernism. Adam Publishers.

Wei, H.R. (2009) The investigation on the degree of satisfaction of students in normal university. Human Resource Management, 4, 118-120.

World Bank.(2000). Higher education in developing countries perils and promises. Retrieved from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EDUCATION/ Resources/278200 1099079877269/547664-1099079956815/peril_promise_ en.pdf

World Bank Group. (2015). Accelerating growth through skills and knowledge: An evaluation of the World Bank Group’s support for higher education. Retrieved from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/511311467997571440/ pdf/96834-REVISED-Box393176B-PUBLIC-Approach-Paper-Higher- Education.pdf

World Economic Forum. (2014).The globalcompetitiveness report 2014–2015. http:// www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GlobalCompetitivenessReport_2014-15.pdf

Yamane, Taro. (1967). Statistics, an introductory analysis (2nd ed.). New York: Harper and Row.

Young, J. Scott, Wiggins-Frame, M., & Cashwell, Craig S. (2007). Spirituality and counselor competence: A national survey of American counseling association members. Journal of Counseling & Development, 85, 47–52.

Yousri, A.R. (2005). Sustainable development: An evaluation of conventional and Islamic perspectives. In M. Iqbal, Islamic perspectives on sustainable development (pp. 22-57). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Zhou, H.Y. (2016) Empirical Study on University Curriculum Satisfaction of University Graduates. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 4, 132-137. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jss.2016.41017.