Women empowerment through BISP: An analysis of the National Cash Transfer Program (NCTP) in Sindh from 2008-2018


Volume 16 Issue 2 2020


Dr. Shabana Tunio
University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh.

Dr. Ghazala Shoukat
University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh.

Dr. Muniza Shaikh
University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh.

Abstract Current study intended to analyze the Benazir income support program (BISP), empowering women economically, socially, and politically. This program was started in 2008 and National Cash Transfer Program (NCTP) is a core program of BISP. Vulnerable families are given a stipend every month Rs. 5000 which was Rs. 1000 in 2008. For this paper qualitative research was designed to analyze the outcomes of the program and purposive sampling methodology was applied in the selection of respondents. .40 women beneficiaries were interviewed and two Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) were conducted among male members to analyze the impact of the unconditional cash transfer (UCT) program on the empowerment of women. the universe for the present study was selected District Hyderabad, Sindh. The indicators of women empowerment were increased by self-image & confidence, mobility, Household decision-making and influence, employment and economic independence, saving and spending habits, market accessibility, health and education (human capital) and collective identity/action, marriage norms, notions of citizenship and political representation. Data were analyzed by using the thematic analysis method. Analysis of interviews and FGDs indicated a positive impact of the Benazir income support program on women's empowerment. In the last, some suggestions and recommendations were forwarded by the researcher in light of the findings of the study.
Keywords Cash transfer program, empowerment, economic, mobility.
Year 2020
Volume 16
Issue 2
Type Research paper, manuscript, article
Recognized by Higher Education Commission of Pakistan, HEC
Category "Y"
Journal Name IBT Journal of Business Studies
Publisher Name ILMA University
Jel Classification E02, E44, E71, E41, E45, F62, J11
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.46745/ilma.jbs.2020.16.02.03
ISSN no (E, Electronic) 2409-6520
ISSN no (P, Print) 2414-8393
Country Pakistan
City Karachi
Institution Type University
Journal Type Open Access
Type of Review Double Blind Peer Reviewed
Format PDF
Paper Link http://ibtjbs.ilmauniversity.edu.pk/journal/jbs/16.2/3.pdf
Page 38-46
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