Volume 13 Issue 1 2017


Fazli Rabbi
Department of Economics and Development Studies University of Swat.

Shahid Ali
Department of Economics and Development Studies University of Swat.

Umar Hayat
Department of Economics and Development Studies University of Swat.

Zia Ullah
Institute of Business Management (IoBM).

Abstract This paper empirically examines households’ forest biomass extraction behavior in three forest areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It further identifies the determinant factors of three types of resources that have implications for forest cover. These include the extraction of fuelwood, cutting of timber, and free grazing of goats in the forests. We use the primary data collected from 180 households in three forest areas (Miandam, Lalkoo, and Bamburet in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The data was gathered in three Miandam, Lalkoo, and Bamburet using a two-stage sampling technique. The results showed that as insecurity of forest ownerships, family size, and age of the households increases, households are more likely to opt for fuelwood harvesting from the forests. On the contrary, as education of the household head, no of crops grown in a season distance to market, use of substitute fuel, and plantation on private land outside forest and livestock assets increases, households are less likely to harvest fuelwood from the natural forests. We also find that there cross-regional variation in the tendency to harvest fuelwood from the forests. The results also reveal that, households' tendency to graze in the forest decreases as households’ off-farm income share increases in total households' annual income. The government forest policy and conservation efforts need to prioritize the provision of alternative fuel sources, community plantations. Policy strategies are needed to regulate the free grazing of goats socially in the state-owned natural forests in the province. The areas in the periphery of the natural forests should be supplied with sources of energy from substitute sources such as hydroelectric powers, launch community plantation programs vis-à-vis legislate to resolve the issue of a dispute of forest ownership to realize the goal of sustainable utilization of forest and socio-economic development of the mountains regions.
Keywords Forest, Insecurity, Harvest, Socioeconomic Development
Year 2017
Volume 13
Issue 1
Type Short Report
Recognized by Higher Education Commission of Pakistan, HEC
Category "Y"
Journal Name IBT Journal of Business Studies
Publisher Name ILMA University
Jel Classification O40, O44, O18
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.46745/ilma.jbs.2017.13.01.05
ISSN no (E, Electronic) 2409-6520
ISSN no (P, Print) 2416-8393
Country Pakistan
City Karachi
Institution Type University
Journal Type Open Access
Type of Review Double Blind Peer Reviewed
Format PDF
Paper Link http://ibtjbs.ilmauniversity.edu.pk/journal/jbs/13.1/5.pdf
Page 59-72
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